Equestrian sport is a general term that combines several methods of riding a horse at once. This also includes a number of official and alternative types of competitions, exercises and games using horse riding. In each particular discipline, the rider must actively interact with the horse in motion or static. The horse is driven by reins, moving weights or rider commands.
The leading body of this sport is the International Equestrian Federation (abbr. FEI). Its headquarters is in Lausanne. The organization was formed in 1921 by the national equestrian federations of Denmark, Belgium, Italy, France, Norway, Sweden, Japan and the USA. Today, it includes about 150 representative countries, including Russia. Continue reading
Slalom is one of the main disciplines of skiing, which is included in the program of the Winter Olympic Games. Its name comes from the Norwegian word “slalam”, which translates as “ski track on a slope.” The essence of classic slalom is the descent from the mountain along the track on special skis.
All international competitions in this discipline are supervised by the International Ski Federation (FIS). In addition, she is responsible for amending and approving new skiing regulations. The foundation date of the federation is 1924. At first, the FIS headquarters was located in France, but then was moved to Switzerland. Today, the organization includes over 120 national and regional alpine skiing federations. Continue reading
Equestrian eventing is a type of equestrian sport, the peculiarity of which is the combination of three separate disciplines:
- riding arena;
- cross country;
- show jumping.
Each stage of the competition is traditionally held on different days. Participants must pass all trials on the same horses, therefore, endurance of an animal and a trainer are equally important in triathlon. On the first day there is a demonstration of horse discipline, on the second – its speed, endurance and jumping ability when overcoming barriers, the third day it checks the horse’s performance in difficult field conditions. Continue reading