Equestrian sport is a general term that combines several methods of riding a horse at once. This also includes a number of official and alternative types of competitions, exercises and games using horse riding. In each particular discipline, the rider must actively interact with the horse in motion or static. The horse is driven by reins, moving weights or rider commands.
The leading body of this sport is the International Equestrian Federation (abbr. FEI). Its headquarters is in Lausanne. The organization was formed in 1921 by the national equestrian federations of Denmark, Belgium, Italy, France, Norway, Sweden, Japan and the USA. Today, it includes about 150 representative countries, including Russia. Continue reading
Cross-country is one of the most popular and interesting mountain bike disciplines. Racing in this sport takes place on rough terrain with long ascents and descents, numerous technical and high-speed sections. The cross-country track always includes natural and artificial obstacles.
Today, the discipline is classified as an extreme sports. Every year the routes of world competitions become more and more difficult, and with this the professionalism of the participants and the prestige of the tournaments increase. Cross-country does not stand still, which is why it is included in the program of the Summer Olympic Games. Continue reading
Slalom is one of the main disciplines of skiing, which is included in the program of the Winter Olympic Games. Its name comes from the Norwegian word “slalam”, which translates as “ski track on a slope.” The essence of classic slalom is the descent from the mountain along the track on special skis.
All international competitions in this discipline are supervised by the International Ski Federation (FIS). In addition, she is responsible for amending and approving new skiing regulations. The foundation date of the federation is 1924. At first, the FIS headquarters was located in France, but then was moved to Switzerland. Today, the organization includes over 120 national and regional alpine skiing federations. Continue reading