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Football pressure: target, zone, cyclic, group

Pressure – single or collective actions, the purpose of which is to regain control of the ball or create difficulties for the opponent in the development of the attack.

The following types of pressure are distinguished:

target;
zone;
cyclical;
zone-personal;
group.
Almost every pressure can be called “target”. The actions of a team or an individual player with this selection option are focused on returning the ball and creating maximum discomfort for the opponent.

The result of targeted pressure depends on the specific opponent and the coach’s attitudes. If the team perfectly goes from defense to attack through a short and medium pass, then pressure on the player with the ball should provoke him into a long gear. Thus, pressure can offset the advantages of the enemy.

Targeted pressure can be directed to a specific artist, through which the opponent most often builds attacks. In this case, the mentor gives the task in certain areas to put pressure on a specific player. So you can exclude an important link in the opposing team, which will significantly reduce its attacking potential.

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There are several other important tasks that target pressure tackles:

control the pace of the game;
defense front regulation;
provocation of the opponent to unfavorable actions;
failure of possible counterattacks, etc.
Competent pressure can bring many benefits, but the abuse of this football element is fraught with an improper distribution of forces and energy. That is why almost any kind of pressure is cyclical. Not a single team is capable of actively attacking an opponent for all ninety minutes. Naturally, this statement does not apply to low pressure near its penalty area, where any relaxation can lead to a dangerous moment.

Cool teams use tempo change not only in their attacking actions, but also in pressure. One or more players can actively practice in the selection for 5-10 minutes. After this comes the stage of rest from pressure. Football players continue to fulfill their duties on the field, but are not 100% included when selecting the ball in the wrong half. Such arrhythmia makes it possible to use pressure at any convenient time. This is especially true at the end of the match, when the opponent has already lost a lot of strength.

Zone pressure is the most complex and difficult to implement option. The fact is that in order to perform such a tactical task, each player in the team must play well in the selection. The essence of zone pressure is to constantly attack an opponent in any part of the field. Each player is responsible for his own zone, in which he must necessarily enter into the active selection of the ball or block the possibilities for an opponent to break through. If one or more team members play poorly in selection or positional defense, then zone pressure becomes ineffective. A cool rival quickly discovers “gaps” through which it develops most of its attacks.

There is another interesting type of pressure “zone-personal”. This option has similar features with zone pressure, however, active work in the selection is carried out selectively. The mentor identifies a group of opponents who pose a particular danger. It is in relation to them that zone pressure is applied. The rest of the players are given relative freedom. Thus, the opponent is forced to play the game through people who were not initially considered to be the main characters.

The “golden mean” of active ball selection is group pressure. In this case, the team clearly defines the players who participate in the pressure. The remaining players, when attacking an opponent, take their positions and insure partners. As a rule, no more than four people participate in group pressure. This means that the back line has enough players to provide a reliable defense of their gates.

Zone pressure is the most complex and difficult to implement option. The fact is that in order to perform such a tactical task, each player in the team must play well in the selection. The essence of zone pressure is to constantly attack an opponent in any part of the field. Each player is responsible for his own zone, in which he must necessarily enter into the active selection of the ball or block the possibilities for an opponent to break through. If one or more team members play poorly in selection or positional defense, then zone pressure becomes ineffective. A cool rival quickly discovers “gaps” through which it develops most of its attacks.

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