Grappling: official game rules briefly
Grappling is a fighting technique that does not include the use of weapons and striking. To date, there are two versions of the full definition of this discipline:
- This is a melee style using grips, which is the exact opposite of striking techniques such as boxing, kickboxing, etc.
- This is a kind of martial arts, which combines the technique of all effective wrestling disciplines.
In both cases, we are talking about wrestling fights with minimal restrictions in terms of asphyxiation and painful techniques. The goal of grappling is positional dominance over an opponent. For successful receptions and throws, wrestlers receive points, on the basis of which a victory is awarded to one of them.
A distinctive feature of this sport from other mixed martial arts is the form. For competitions, athletes must wear shorts and a rash guard (tight-fitting T-shirt). For grappling, it is important that the clothes fit tightly to the body. Otherwise, the opponent can grab it and use it as an advantage.
Technique and rules
The technique of modern grappling is represented by a whole range of techniques and methods:
- Clinch. This is a fight involving the upper half of the body in a standing position. Often used to protect against throwing.
- Throw. A technique designed to bring an opponent out of balance by lifting him into the air and then striking the ground. The purpose of the reception is to take a dominant position or to disable an opponent.
- Tykedown (stall). It differs from the standard throw by transferring the opponent to the ground without lifting into the air. Helps to take a dominant position.
- Painful technique. Designed to damage joints or other parts of the opponent’s body. As a result of pain shock, the opponent is forced to give up. The allowed painful techniques in grappling include leverage, infringements and nodes.
- Strangulation. The goal is to transfer the opponent into an unconscious state. It is divided into air (stopping the flow of air into the lungs) and blood strangulation (blocking the flow of blood into the brain).
- Coup (sweep). It is used to change a position by flipping an opponent.
- Slipping away. Changing a disadvantageous position to a profitable one, for example, avoiding strangulation or painful reception.
- Positional struggle. Designed to bring the opponent into a position in which he will not be able to attack, for example, holding from the back or from the side.
The history of the development of grappling
The United States is undoubtedly the birthplace of grappling. No wonder this sport has an English name. The term “grappling” was introduced into world sports by American wrestler-judoka Gene LeBell. He devoted his whole life to the study of the philosophy and techniques of judo, wrestling and other martial arts. As a result, he managed to create a universal style – a self-defense system called grappling. With his unique technique, he professionally trained such famous actors as Chuck Norris and Bruce Lee. In 1992, LeBell became the author of a whole series of books on grappling, which brought him worldwide fame and recognition.
The first serious competition in the new wrestling discipline took place in New York in 1995. The rules of the tournament completely repeated the rules of Brazilian jiu-jitsu. The difference was only in equipment, that is, athletes wore rashguards instead of kimonos. Shortly before this, Arab sheikh Tahnun al Nahiyan was professionally carried away by grappling. He was known as an ardent fan of mixed martial arts and the UFC championship. Immediately after the New York competition, he began to practice Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu.
After a while, the sheikh could already be considered a master of jiu-jitsu, but his father, who was then the president of the UAE, did not allow him to speak at the MMA as a fighter or organizer of the tournament. In the late 1990s, Tahnun revealed a number of shortcomings in Brazilian wrestling equipment. He did not like that in the practice of jiu-jitsu he did not have painful techniques on his feet. This forced the sheikh to engage in sambo, and then classical wrestling and judo. In the process of studying new martial arts, he often faced limitations and flaws. As a result, Takhnun decided to combine all these disciplines into one universal system, leaving only the best in it.
It is the Arab sheikh who owns the code of rules for modern grappling competitions. After writing them, he was guided by the interests of the participants in the tournaments. It was important for him to create a technique so that wrestlers of any style would be comfortable performing in joint competitions. Since May 1998, Abu Dhabi began annually holding large international grappling tournaments, which gradually became the property of the UAE.
In 2007, this discipline was included in the structure of the International Wrestling Federation. From this moment, the global popularization of grappling began. Today, this type of martial arts is developing in more than 120 countries where professional grappling schools are open. In 2010, the discipline entered the program of the World Martial Arts Games (SCG). In addition, grappling is included in the program of the annual world and European wrestling championships.