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Darts: official game rules briefly

Darts is a whole complex of games whose goal is to throw darts at a round target on the wall. Do not confuse with other games where you need to throw other objects at different targets, including dynamic ones. Today, darts is a standardized game with specific rules and inventory requirements.

Darts is considered a national game in the Netherlands, Great Britain, Scandinavia and the USA. It is mainly distributed in gaming establishments and pubs, which makes it accessible to all segments of the population. Currently, you can easily find and buy a set of targets and darts to practice safely at home. Many professional gamblers quit darts in a garage or pub as real darts experts.

At the official level, the World Darts Federation (WDF) is considered the governing body. She works with the Professional Darts Corporation (PDC), which back in 1992 separated from the WDF. The World Federation was founded in 1974. Today it unites more than 70 member countries. WDF organizes not only world championships, but also continental championships, when PDC specializes more in European and regional tournaments.

Inventory requirements

Targets are traditionally made from compressed agave (sisal) fibers, although horse hair targets are common in some Central Asian countries. Sisal target production is concentrated in China and Kenya, where there are endless supplies of raw materials. The modern target is divided into sectors, each of them is assigned a specific number – from 1 to 20.

Sisal targets are distinguished by the shape of the separation wire:

  • Round wire. It is characterized by a large percentage of dart rebounds and the relatively low cost of the kit.
  • Trihedral wire. In terms of dart rebounds, it stands in the middle. When a dart hits the wire, it rolls along the edge to the nearest sector.
  • Separating thin wire. It is characterized by the lowest percentage of rebounds and high cost. Such targets are used in official competitions among professionals.

In addition, the organizers of major tournaments always use targets without brackets, which further reduces the number of bounces.

A professional dartboard target is located on the wall at a height of 1.73 m from the floor to its center. The inner width of the rings is 8 cm, the diameter of the central sector is 12.7 cm, the diameter of the treble ring is 21.4 cm, the diameter of the double ring is 34 cm. The target itself must have a diameter of 44.1 for 46.1. see. Standard thickness of a separating wire – 1,5 mm. The distance to the target from the throw line is 2.37 m.

The dart consists of a tip, barrel, shank and plumage. The tip should be either a sharpened metal rod or a blunted game. Its task is to puncture the target surface with sufficient depth to maintain the final position for an indefinite period. The tip is mounted in barrels, then the shank with plumage is screwed on. The shape and material of the barrel determines the flight path of the entire dart, so it is traditionally made of brass, tungsten or silver-nickel alloy.

The total length of professional darts should not be more than 30.5 cm. In this case, the weight of one dart can be up to 50 g inclusive. Well-known representatives of darts prefer to choose darts weighing from 19 to 25 g.

Dart Board Rules

Under the general rules, a point system is suitable. When hit the “bullseye”, the player receives 50 points. The green ring around the “apple” brings 25 points. When hit in the outer narrow ring, the number of sectors doubles, and in the inner one triples. The outer and inner rings are usually red and green, respectively.

If the player missed the target, or the dart fell to the floor, points do not count. In official competitions, the player is given 3 darts per attempt, after which the move goes to the opponent. Over 3 throws, you can maximize 180 points.

The following games are considered to be popular varieties of darts:

  • “301/501”.

Both participants of the match begin with a score of 301 or 501 points. Further, when hit in the target, the corresponding calculation of the obtained number of points occurs. The game continues until one of the throwers has a score of 0. At the same time, the player must fix his victory by a final hit in the bullseye or doubling zone.

  • “Round”.

Players must alternately hit sectors from 1 to 20, then the doubling and tripling zones of the last sector. The party ends with a hit in the “bullseye”.

  • The Big Round.

The difference from the Round game is the task of getting into your sector the maximum number of times. The winner is the one who reached the “apple” and scored more points.

  • Fives.

Players with a series of 3 darts must score the most points multiple of 5. If a player scores a multiple of points for the approach, then the attempt does not count. The first to score is 51 points. The “brute force” rule applies.

  • “One thousand”.

Only green ring and bullseye are considered valid fields. Players score 25 and 50 points until someone reaches 1000.

  • “5 lives.”

Several participants in the game must score maximum points for 3 throws. Whoever gains the minimum for the current round is eliminated from the game. The game continues until the last player who is considered the winner.

  • “Killer”.

The party is attended by 10 to 20 people. Everyone should choose one personal sector out of 20. The goal is to remove opponents from the game, getting into their sectors. When hitting a foreign field, the player additionally adds one life to himself.

  • “Sector 20”.

Only hits in zone “20” are counted. When doubling and tripling, 40 and 60 points are awarded. Each player is given 30 shots (10 episodes).

  • “American cricket.”

The valid fields are sectors from 15 to 20, zones of doubling and tripling, as well as the “green ring” and the “bullseye”. To close the sector, you need to get into it 3 times. The player with the most points wins.

  • “Thirty.”

It features an arbitrary number of participants. A point is awarded for a set of 30 points for a series of 3 throws. The party can go up to 3, 5 or 7 points.

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