Rowing slalom: official game rules briefly
Rowing slalom is a variety of kayaking and canoeing. The essence of this discipline is to overcome at a speed a section of a rapids river marked by special gates. Artificial routes are sometimes used as an analogue of the river. The main requirement for them is the flow rate of water, which should be at least 2 m / s.
The International Rowing and Canoe Federation (ICF) is promoting the world of rowing slalom. Her responsibilities also include organizing all major international tournaments in this sport, helping the regions to develop discipline and working with sponsors. Headquartered in Lausanne. The ICF includes more than a hundred representative offices of national federations.
During the competition, the team or athlete in a canoe or kayak must overcome the water distance through a special gate. If the gates are painted in white-green colors, then the movement occurs with the flow, and if in white-red, then against it. All gates must be passed in a clear sequence, that is, in the order of numbering.
Crossing the goal does not count if the following conditions have not been met:
- The head of at least one rower passes through the gate according to the requirements of the circuit scheme.
- Part of the kayak passes through the gate synchronously with the head.
- The crew of the boat crosses the gate synchronously (for doubles).
Athletes are prohibited from touching the goal while passing through them. For such violations, penalty seconds are awarded. A similar penalty follows if the gate was missed or crossed on the wrong side.
In the competition, the crew wins, which showed the shortest travel time. For this, each participant is given from 2 to 4 attempts. In the case of absolute equality of results, the winner is identified by the worst attempt. If its results are the same, then a draw is counted.
The observance of the rules of the competition, the calculation of penalty seconds and the calculation of the results are monitored by an impressive judges panel, which includes the main judge, his deputies, secretaries, referees on the remote control and the gate, starter, referee on the ligament, timekeepers, technical assistants, video operators, controllers equipment and many other specialists.
In rowing slalom, strict requirements are imposed on official race tracks:
- The length of the channel should be from 200 to 400 m.
- The cross-country ability of the route should be ensured along its entire length.
- At a distance, one or more gate combinations should be installed that can be accessed from different directions.
- Rowers on the right and left sides should be in equal conditions.
- The track must change the trajectory and have thresholds.
- The water level must be constant.
- The total number of installed gates is not more than 25. At the same time, 6 of them must be installed on the site against the current.
Competitions can be stopped in the event of a change in water level or severe deformation of the gate. Additional requirements are imposed on artificial routes:
- Length from 250 to 400 m.
- The average water flow rate is 16 m3 / s.
- Slope – no more than 3%.
The first track by such standards was built in Germany in 1972. After a few years, artificial tracks began to be constructed in many countries of the world.
The channel of artificial channels is traditionally cast from concrete. If the track is above the level of the reservoir, then powerful hydraulic pumps and turbines are responsible for its filling with water. Otherwise, the channel is connected to the reservoir as a separate branch so that the water naturally fills the channel. As such reservoirs often use lakes, rivers and underground sources.
At major international competitions, it is customary to design two channels: one for training, the other for competition. It is important that they are not identical, that is, they differ in slope, flow velocity, extent, number of obstacles, etc. The thresholds of artificial channels are boulders, stones, car tires, plastic structures.
To prepare and participate in the rowing slalom tournament, you need a kayak, which is a closed boat with two-blade oars. Sometimes canoeing is allowed by the rules of the competition, but it is not always convenient for athletes to overcome obstacles and keep balance while standing on one knee.
The program of official tournaments is divided into single and double races. In the first case, the boat should weigh 8 kg, and in the second – 13 kg. Kayaks and canoes should be rounded on both sides. Boat steering is missing. Rowers must control the direction of movement with oars and a change in the center of gravity of the vessel.
Since rowing slalom is considered an extreme sport, there are certain requirements for the behavior and equipment of rowers:
- The design of the boat should be checked for water filling (degree of unsinkability) and the convenience of emergency exit from it.
- The boats are equipped with special grips for the brushes on the stern and on the bow. They are designed to pull kayaks out of the water in emergency situations.
- The rowing equipment kit includes a life jacket and hard hat. The vest must hold a weight of 6 kg on the water and allow the athlete to be conscious on the surface face up. The helmet should fasten tightly under the chin.
- Rowers are prohibited from attaching themselves to the kayak.
- Equipment should correspond to the individual sizes of the athlete.
- Competitors must be able to swim and know the basic melted safety in rowing slalom.
- It is forbidden to pull a fallen team member out of the water, jump overboard and cause visible interference to rescuers.
- If the boat capsized, the crew must leave the canal. In the team category, if at least one participant falls out, the entire crew goes to land.