Boxing: official game rules briefly
Boxing is a contact sport that belongs to the category of martial arts. The essence of discipline is inflicting punches with special gloves on the opponent. The name of this sport comes from the English word “box”, which means both “kick” and “ring”.
The fight in professional boxing lasts up to 12 rounds. The fight is controlled by the referee in the ring. Victory in a duel is assigned to the boxer who managed to knock the opponent down in the allotted time, after which he could not get up, or by decision of the judges (according to the assessment). For each effective action in the ring, boxers get a certain amount of points. If the fight ended in round 12, the judges decide who to give preference to points, or declare a draw.
Boxing has always been considered a tough sport, as rivals constantly inflict strong blows to each other in the head and body. To avoid serious injuries, modern boxers should wear gloves weighing 227-283 g. Also, protective equipment in this type of martial arts are a mouth guard (protection for teeth) and a helmet, which must be worn by representatives of certain categories of amateur categories.
Boxing match consists of 12 rounds of 3 minutes each, although depending on the status of the fight can last 8 or 10 rounds. Boxers must enter the ring after each round from the designated angle. There is a short break between rounds, the duration of which is often dictated by the referee (1-2 minutes). The head judge is always in the ring, while a trio of his assistants sit at the ropes in the hall and are responsible for scoring points to athletes.
If a boxer knocked out an opponent, that is, he could not stand up after a missed blow, then the fight stops ahead of schedule with the announcement of the winner. In addition, there is the possibility of an early victory by technical knockout, when the referee stops the match on the recommendation of a doctor or at his discretion, if the opponent misses dangerous punches for a long time without an answer, or he has a serious open wound, a swimming eye and other visible injury.
Professional boxers are prohibited from:
blows below the waist, on the kidneys, on the back of the head, on the back;
blows with a head or an open glove (back, lacing, rib);
grips of hands, head, body;
hand presses on the face;
strikes with striking;
pushing an opponent;
explicit retention of ropes;
turns with the back to the opponent;
acceleration due to ropes for the subsequent attack of the enemy;
For such a violation, the referee in the ring punishes with a warning, and the panel of judges – with the removal of points. For repeated repetition of violations may result in disqualification with the award of an early victory to the opponent. If the boxer received a strong blow below the belt, then he is given 5 minutes to recover, otherwise he is recognized as knocked out.
For a head-on collision with a subsequent injury, a battle may be declared invalid. Intentional collision is punishable by a fine. For unsportsmanlike behavior, boxers can be disqualified for a serious period with a ban on participation in professional fights.
Many novice boxing fans have problems understanding specific terminology. In fact, everything is much simpler in boxing:
Uppercut. This is a classic fist punch on an internal arcuate trajectory with a fist turning on itself. Often used in close combat. When hit in the chin, it causes serious damage to the enemy (before knockout).
Jeb. It is a straight long blow when the front arm is thrown forward with full extension at the elbow. Used to counterattack and maintain a comfortable distance from the opponent.
Clinch. The technique of containing the enemy by tightly pressing the body and head to it. Accompanied by girth. Used to reduce the pace of battle and recovery.
Cross. A strong counter strike, which is delivered at the time of the enemy’s attack over his striking arm at the same time as pushing the back foot forward.
Knockout. A possible outcome of the battle, when one of the boxers fell down and could not rise in 10 seconds. For an opponent’s knockout, a boxer is awarded an early victory.
Knockdown. An intermediate situation in which a boxer after a missed hit fell on the floor, but managed to get up before the referee counted to 10.
Overhand. A hybrid strike, which is a hook to the head in the upper arc above the opponent’s hands. It is applied from the position of the cross.
Boxing ring. The battleground in boxing, which has a square shape with a side of 6 m. The flooring is made of felt material with a canvas cover. The perimeter of the ring should be surrounded by three rows of ropes, which are pulled between the posts at a height of 40, 80 and 130 cm from the floor.
Rack. Convenient boxer body position for protection and striking. Opponents repeatedly change stances during a fight.
Hook. This is a classic side impact, which is applied with a bent hand at close or medium range. The goal is the opponent’s jaw, but is often performed in the liver area. The force of impact is created by transferring the center of gravity of the hull.