Obstacle race: official game rules briefly
Obstacle race, also known as steeplechase, is a difficult running track and field discipline, which refers to the average distance of 3000 meters. It is such a distance to the finish line that athletes run at Olympic competitions today. In commercial competitions that are not related to the official international athletics program, other distances are possible, for example, at 800, 1500, 5000 meters, etc.
Obstacle race includes the following elements:
overcoming a hole with water;
running between obstacles.
This sport requires from runners not only endurance, but also tactical thinking, and excellent command of technology to overcome various categories of obstacles. Competitions in this discipline are traditionally held in summer stadiums in the warm season. Tournaments without the use of a water pit can be held indoors. These include competitions among children, boys and girls, veterans and other competitions of a small rank.
The essence of hurdling is to correctly distribute forces over a given distance, taking into account the reserve for overcoming obstacles. Most professional athletes use the “barrier step”, that is, without touching the barrier. This technique requires more energy, but it helps to accelerate the movement along the distance. Some athletes prefer to step on the barrier with their feet. When choosing tactics for overcoming obstacles, athletes must be guided by their individual characteristics.
The generally accepted distance at official international competitions is the path of 3,000 meters with obstacles. Within the framework of national tournaments, the federation of any country can set a shortened distance of 1,500 m.
The distance from the start to the start of the first lap athletes run without obstacles. They are set on the strip when the competitors began to run the full first lap. Ultimately, they will be on this segment in all subsequent full circles. The total number of circles is 7.
Thus, athletes must complete 7 jumps through a pit with water and 28 jumps through other obstacles over the entire distance. In other words, 4 obstacles are set on each circle, and a special pit with water is also equipped. Athletes are allowed to either jump over it or step into it.
If a runner runs around a hole with water, or carries a leg or foot outside an obstacle, he will be disqualified, that is, removed from the race.
Obstacles are allowed to jump in three ways:
without touching an obstacle;
relying on an obstacle with his hands;
with one foot on the crossbar.
For any violations, competitors are removed from the race. For a flagrant violation should be disqualified from the entire tournament.
The official 3000m hurdle competition must be held on the racetracks of the stadium, which are 400 meters long.
The following requirements are presented to obstacles in this sport:
Pit with water.
It is a square artificial ditch 3.66 by 3.66 m. The standard depth of the pit under the crossbar is 0.76 m. The crossbar must be firmly fixed above the ditch so that its height matches the height of other obstacles. The pit is always filled with water to the brim, that is, to the level of the treadmills.
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A water pit is traditionally located in a sector beyond the outer perimeter of 400 meters of the track. In this case, the normal track length is reduced, so the start line is shifted back accordingly. If the water pit is located off the paths, then the starting line is moved forward.
They must be made of strong wood, so that they are solid and stable, not topple over at the slightest touch. The standard height of the obstacle is from 90.86 to 91.44 cm. The width of the upper crossbar must be at least 3.96 m. In cross section, the upper crossbar of the obstacle is a square of 12.7 by 12.7 cm.
Each obstacle weighs from 80 to 100 kg. At the same time, they are installed at different distances from each other so that 30 cm of the upper crossbar extend beyond the edge of the inner edge.
There are no specific requirements for the color of the obstacles. The main thing is that they are noticeable to runners and judges, that is, contrasted with treadmills and the lawn.
Technique of overcoming a pit with water
Professional athletes consider the pit with water to be the most difficult obstacle possible. To overcome it, the runner must increase the speed of movement in the last 5-7 steps and timely jump to the crossbar, and then from it further through the pit. Many professional athletes prefer to push off from the ground of the jogging leg, put their second leg in a bent position on the crossbar, push off from it forward and land with the jogging foot on the ground.
If an athlete pushes up from the crossbar as far as possible, then the pressure on the body on the push leg will be too strong.