Handball: official game rules briefly
Handball is a team Olympic sport where matches are held with a special ball in the format of 7 for 7 players.
The peculiarity of the game is that the lead, passes and shots are carried out by hand, but should not be confused with basketball, volleyball or American football.
Today, handball is a full-fledged independent sport with its multi-million dollar target audience.
Official matches consisting of 2 halves of 30 minutes each (break – 15 minutes).
In children’s and youth categories, the reduction of the main time of the fight is allowed.
After the break, the teams must switch sides of the field.
If the match ended in a draw, 2 additional halves of 5 minutes are assigned with a break of 60 seconds.
The game in overtime goes until the first winning period.
In the event of a final draw, 7-meter throws are carried out (a series of 5 shots, then to miss).
The time of a match stops only in case of prolonged pauses, for example, during the meeting of the referees or when the player is removed.
During each half, teams have the right to take one 1-minute timeout.
The team’s application for a duel should include 14 people, but only 7 (6 field and goalkeeper) play on the field.
Replacements are not limited and can be made at any time, but only through a replacement line.
The following roles of players are distinguished in handball:
Acts in its own penalty area and protects the goal.
Flank players who need to be technical, agile and quick.
He is a point guard.
Plays in the central zone.
Responsibilities include “smart” attack development through competent complex transfers.
They are located between the extreme players and the center of the field.
Traditionally, these are the tallest and strongest players who are distinguished by powerful throws.
Always plays on a 6-meter line.
The main objective of the linear is to fight for the balls beaten off by the goalkeeper of the opponent and an obstacle to the defense of the opponent.
Such players must be physically strong and at the same time have sharpness.
Official handball matches are served by two equal referees.
Their opinion should be unanimous, so short meetings often happen.
The timekeepers and the secretary, who are at the table near the substitution line, help the referees.
The rules of the International Handball Federation make clear requirements for holding official tournaments and determine the rights and obligations of players on the site:
- Handball players are allowed to catch, throw, stop and push the ball with their hands, body, head and hips.
- The player can hold the projectile for no more than 3 seconds and take a maximum of 3 steps with it. After that, he must pass the ball to his teammate, hit him on the floor or throw in the goal.
- Field players are not allowed to be within the goal area. The only exception is a jump from the goalkeeper zone.
- In handball, it is allowed to take away the ball with an open palm, block the opponent with a body, and prevent the opponent from moving when in contact with bent hands.
- It is forbidden to play combinations passively, that is, without an attempt to attack.
- A goal is counted if a complete intersection of the goal line with the ball has been recorded without violating the rules. The referees have the right to score a goal if the ball did not cross the goal line, but had to do it if it were not for “outside” interference.
- The team that scored more goals wins the match.
Goalkeepers are also governed by the rules:
- The goalkeeper has the right to touch the goal area.
- When defending the goal within their own free kick, goalkeepers can hit the ball with any part of the body.
- The goalkeeper is allowed to be with the ball in his square without time limits, but it is forbidden to deliberately delay the game.
- If the goalkeeper goes out of the square, then he is considered as a field player, but he is not entitled to receive the ball.
- Goalkeepers are prohibited from being in the goal area to touch the ball outside.
Varieties of punishments
The official rules provide for the following types of personal punishments:
Showing a yellow card. It is imposed for violations against the opponent’s player, or for unsportsmanlike behavior (disputes with the judge, overly active blocking, violation of the rules for throwing, passing with a foot below the knee, simulation, etc.). One player per match can receive up to 3 yellow cards, an official – 1 warning.
- Removal for 2 minutes.
The player can be removed for 2 minutes from the court for dangerous actions against an opponent, serious unsportsmanlike behavior (protests, obscene language, provocative gestures, etc.), exit to the court as an extra player. 3 yellow cards are automatically followed by deletion. It is accompanied by a raise of the judge’s hand with two straightened fingers. Substitution of a deleted player is prohibited, so the team plays in the minority for 2 minutes. For the third removal, the player is disqualified until the end of the match.
Means removal from the site until the end of the match. Appointed for gross unsportsmanlike behavior (throwing the ball into the opponent’s head, defiantly tipping the ball, refusing to follow the decision of the referees, etc.), as well as for serious systematic violations of the rules. Disqualification is accompanied by a red card. In this case, the player, coach or official must leave the field without maintaining contact with the team before the final whistle. Replacing a disqualified player is allowed only 2 minutes after he leaves the field.
The handball rules set out in detail all kinds of standard shots:
- Initial Throw.
This category includes shots in the center of the court during the start of the game and a missed goal. The throwing player must be one foot on the center line. The remaining players must be in their own half of the field.