Kudo: official game rules briefly
Kudo, aka diko juku, is a modern, full-contact martial art that is dynamic and versatile. The discipline is based on elements and traditions of judo, karate and Thai boxing. Kudo is developing…

Continue reading →

American Football: The Official Game Rules Briefly
American football is one of the most spectacular and contact team sports on the planet. According to the rules of the game, two teams take part in the match, which…

Continue reading →

Alpine skiing slalom: official game rules briefly
Slalom is one of the main disciplines of skiing, which is included in the program of the Winter Olympic Games. Its name comes from the Norwegian word "slalam", which translates as…

Continue reading →

Karate: official game rules briefly

Karate (karate-do) is a Japanese martial art, which is a unique system of combining defense and attack techniques. The name of the discipline translates as “empty hand.” It was approved in 1935. Later, the ending “before” was added to the name, which from the Japanese language means “road”, “direction”. Thus, the full name of this martial art can be translated as the “path of the empty hand” of a fighter in philosophical understanding. In this context, the road to self-improvement of the mind and body is meant.

Styles and Directions

Today, experts identify 3 areas of karate:

  • sports;
  • traditional
  • applied.

All of them arose in Japan in the 20th century and were subsequently divided into the following styles:

  • sieve-ryu;
  • wado-ryu;
  • goju-ryu;
  • setokan.

Karate styles appear due to a new vision of the philosophy of art of outstanding masters of schools. However, experts believe that many teachers in this way only increase interest in their projects, in fact, the technique remains unchanged.

In any direction of karate there is a system of degrees and belts. Students gradually receive new kyu, and masters claim to be given. There are a total of 10 such degrees. Their external attribute is a belt of a certain color (from white to black).

Basic techniques

Currently, it is customary to distinguish 3 basic karate techniques:

  • Kihon This is the basic technique that is the basis for all workouts. Demanded in the training of beginners.
  • Kata A set of formal exercises aimed at a battle with one or more invisible opponents (shadow boxing).
  • Cum. Equipment for training in pairs. In this case, the fight is divided into conditional and free fight. In the second form, karateka sports are held. According to the rules of this technique, it is forbidden to strike at full strength. Kicks and hands are allowed only on the body and head.

Karate exercises are always performed in a single chain and are aimed at training attacking and defensive movements.

Kata competitions are allowed in group competitions.

Organizations and tournaments

Today, every major karate-do style has a separate international federation. They are united in national clusters that are subordinate to the World Karate Federation. The parent organization promoting this martial art was created in 1957, but has since changed its name several times. In 1990, the World Karate Federation began to represent its interests on the Olympic Committee. The result of cooperation was the inclusion of karate in the program of the Olympic Games 2020.

The most famous and prestigious competition in this discipline is the karate world championship. It is held every 2 years in different countries under the auspices of the World Federation. The debut championship took place in 1970 and included only men’s categories. The victory in it was unconditionally celebrated by Japanese athletes.

In addition, European and Asian championships are very popular among professional karatekas and spectators.

Karate history

The homeland of this martial art is considered to be the island of Okinawa. It was from there at the end of the 19th century that karate came to Japan. For most of its history, Okinawa has been the center of trade routes between Japan and China. In the 17th century, the local kingdom of Ryukyu was conquered by the principality of Satsuma. For a long time, the indigenous islanders waged a guerrilla war against the Japanese samurai, just using the technique of karate in the fight.

At the end of the 19th century, after administrative reforms, Okinawa became the prefecture of the Japanese Empire. Already at that time, the Japanese military commanders noted the excellent physical readiness and flexibility of the draftees from the island. It turned out that all Okinawa adolescents since childhood have studied in depth the martial art of Tote, which has become the foundation of modern karate-do. Very soon, tote was included in the compulsory program of sports schools throughout Japan.

New hand-to-hand fighting techniques quickly gained approval from the samurai. By the beginning of the 20th century, all military personnel were trained with Tote masters. The acquired skills helped them in the Russian-Japanese war.

Technology began to socialize only in 1924. The impetus for popularization among the people was the opening of the Tote public club on the basis of the University of Tokyo. By the beginning of the 1930s, the martial art of the Okinawa people became in demand in all provinces of Japan. The universities taught the history and philosophy of discipline, which in 1935 was officially renamed karate. Masters of this art traveled all over the country with master classes and demonstrations by students. Funakoshi is considered the founder of the modern karate style, who opened the famous Setokan school.

In 1945, after the defeat of Japan in the war, the American occupation forces banned all national martial arts in the country, but the authorities managed to resist karate, as it was positioned as a form of gymnastics. Over the years, interest in karate has grown from Europe, the USA, Latin America, other countries of Asia and Oceania. In the USSR, art was entrenched only in the early 1980s after the large-scale national karate championship.

Handball: official game rules briefly
Handball is a team Olympic sport where matches are held with a special ball in the format of 7 for 7 players. The peculiarity of the game is that the…


Decathlon: official game rules briefly
Decathlon is an independent track and field discipline, which includes competition in 10 types of athletics. This complex is today considered one of the most difficult in modern sport in the…


Golf: official game rules briefly
Golf is known as a game for high society. In fact, this is a very popular sport, which is in demand among different segments of the population. The essence of the game…


Basketball 3 on 3: the official rules of the game briefly
Basketball 3 on 3 is a team sport, implying a confrontation between two teams. Fights are held on 1/2 of the standard basketball court. A mandatory requirement is the presence…