Greco-Roman wrestling: official rules of the game briefly
Greco-Roman wrestling, it is also French and classic wrestling, is a European martial art style, in which athletes must use their entire technical arsenal to unbalance rivals and press their shoulder blades to the carpet. The main difference between this type of wrestling and free-style wrestling is the ban on grabbing the legs with your hands and using such techniques as kicks, hooks, and steps.
The classical struggle arose in Ancient Greece, gained development in the Roman Empire, and gained its modern look in France.
Technique and rules
In the classical discipline, special attention is paid to the stance. One can be low, medium and high. If you look at the position relative to the enemy, then the stand is left-sided, right-sided and frontal. A low stance is traditionally used for defense, while a medium and high stance is used for attack. The front of the rack should be the strongest leg of the wrestler.
In Greco-Roman wrestling, the legs do not participate in receptions, but they play an important role in the movement of athletes, in preparation for attack and defense. Most often, they bend at the knees to create additional support force and balance. The movement of the legs should be fast and steady. First one leg goes forward, and then the other approaches. It is not recommended to cross legs.
Classical style wrestlers are forbidden to use footboards and hooks in receptions, as well as any attack of the opponent’s legs. Technical actions against the neck (gripping hands for more than 5 seconds) and painful techniques are strictly prohibited and punishable by disqualification. Athletes must use only their upper body for throwing. In this discipline, wrestlers who are distinguished by natural physical strength become successful.
In Greco-Roman wrestling, the fight is fought on the ground (lying) or in the stance. In the first case, it is necessary to turn the enemy over so that he is pressed with shovels to the carpet. For this, wrestlers traditionally use rifts, rolls, kickbacks, and a boost.
When fighting in a stance, athletes pursue the goal of removing the opponent from balance, that is, transferring the fight to the ground. Effective techniques in the rack are throws, grabs, arm dives, followed by a deflection throw, etc. The main feature of the throws is the support of the attacking fighter in the fall of the defender. This allows you to achieve maximum throw amplitude.
Greco-Roman wrestlers’ outfit includes tights, swimming trunks, socks, soft sneakers and a scarf (special tampons for wiping sweat and blood).
The struggle in the classical sense appeared in ancient Greece, where it quickly became a national treasure. From 704 BC, it was included in the program of the ancient Olympic Games. For most of its history, Greco-Roman wrestling was part of the classic pentathlon along with running, discus and spear throwing, and jumping.
The founder of the first rules of the struggle was the Greek athlete Thezeus. At that time, the victory was awarded to the wrestler who throws the opponent three times to the ground. In the 6th century BC, schools began to appear in Greece to train wrestlers, including for international competitions. In addition, the unique technique of warfare appealed to the Greek warriors.
An interesting fact lies in the fact that many prominent historical figures were experienced fighters and participated in the Olympic Games. This applies to Plato, and Croton, and Pythagoras, and Alkinade.
At the beginning of the first millennium AD, the Romans adopted the technique of the classical struggle among the Greeks, who brought diversity to it. First of all, the changes concerned the use of prohibited methods and weapons. Wrestlers showed themselves very well in gladiatorial games. In combination with fisticuffs and weapons, they had no equal in the arena. At the end of the 4th century, gladiatorial battles and the Olympic Games were closed, and with them the interest in Greco-Roman wrestling gradually faded.
The Renaissance of the classical struggle began in the late 18th century in France. It was the French who laid the foundation of the modern rules of the game when you can fight only with your hands, and the winner is the athlete who managed to put the opponent on the carpet on both blades, or to achieve an advantage over the opponent of 10 points. Naturally, the revived discipline began to be called French, and so it was until 1948.
Classical struggles quickly spread throughout Europe. It gained particular popularity among the common population. Local strongmen spoke for rewards at the holidays and in traveling circuses. Subsequently, she received professional status, which allowed to launch the first European and world championships.
In Russia, wrestling became popular from the 9th-10th centuries, when hand-to-hand fighting between warriors was the favorite entertainment of princes and nobles. Greco-Roman wrestling appeared on the territory of modern Russia in 1895, and the first national championship was held 2 years later. His winner was an athlete from St. Petersburg Al. Bumblebee. In 1898, Russian wrestlers won the debut European Amateur Championship, which was held in Vienna. Since then, Russians have always been ranked among the main favorites of any international Greco-Roman wrestling championship.