Discus throwing belongs to the category of athletics disciplines. The meaning of this sport is to throw at a range of a special projectile – the disk. This requires athletes to quickly coordinate their movements and excellent physical fitness.
Rules and requirements
Participants in official competitions must perform a throw from a circle with a diameter of 2.5 m. The throw distance is calculated from the outer circumference of the zone to the first point of the disc’s fall. The standard projectile weight for men is 2 kg, for women – 1 kg, for juniors – 1.5 kg. The diameter of the disc is 20 cm for men and 18 cm for women. Continue reading
Swimming is a universal sport that is not only suitable for professionals, but also useful to all people. Competitions in this discipline involve overcoming various swimming distances in the least amount of time. Today, most tournaments are held in pools, but there are also swimming in open water. Its feature is speed sailing in water bodies that meet certain requirements.
FINA organizes international open water swimming tournaments. This International Swimming Federation was founded in June 1908 in London. Today its headquarters is located in Lausanne (Switzerland), and the organization itself includes more than 200 national federations of representative countries. In Europe, the European Swimming League (LEN) is coordinating the development of this discipline. Similar structures operate in each confederation. In Russia, the All-Russian Swimming Federation is engaged in popularizing open water swimming at a professional level. Continue reading
Long jumps are a special kind of technical category of the athletics program, which refers to horizontal jumps. They require athletes to maximize jumping ability, mastery of their own body, developed muscular system, excellent coordination and sprinting qualities. Today, this sport is included in the program of the Olympic Games, where men and women can participate on equal terms.
For long jumps, an important point is the initial speed of running and pushing away. World-class male athletes can push off the board at speeds of up to 9.8 m / s. In women, this indicator is obviously lower, but only with general calculations. When repelled, the athlete’s ideal angle of flight to the horizon is 20 degrees. The center of mass heights should be in a relative normal position when walking 50-70 cm. Traditionally, athletes gain the highest speed in the last 3-4 steps of their run. Continue reading